Dr. Peter Carrier

has worked at the Georg Eckert Institute since 2007, and is currently head of the UNESCO Projekt 'The Holocaust and Genocide in Contemporary Education. Curricula, Textbooks and Pupils' Perceptions in Comparison' and managing editor of the Journal of Educational Media, Memory and Society.

He studied German studies and comparative literature from 1983 to 1991 at the University of Leeds and the Université Paris VIII, and obtained his PhD at the Freie Universität Berlin in 2000 with a study about Holocaust Monuments and National Memory Cultures in France and Germany (Berghahn, 2005). He has held posts lecturing in the fields of philology, cultural studies, history and political science at the Universität Tübingen, the Université Paris VII, the Freie Universität Berlin, the Central European University in Budapest and at Queen's University (Canada).

Research focus

His current research focuses on the rhetoric of memory in political communication, and on the ethical precepts of contemporary discourse about the Holocaust.


  • ‘L'Allemagne. Un récit sans narrateur’, in Françoise Lantheaume and Jocelyn Létourneau (eds), Le récit du commun. L'histoire nationale racontée par les élèves, Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon, 2016, pp. 179-189.
  • ‘Stumbling Stones (Stolpersteine). The Moral Authenticity of Micromonuments’, Trialog 118-119, 2016, pp. 64-68.
  • Divergences et convergences narratives. La personnalisation de l’histoire dans les récits de l’histoire de l’Allemagne, À l’école de Clio 1, 2015, ecoleclio.hypotheses.org/165.
  • A Global Mapping of the Holocaust in Curricula and Textbooks’ (with Eckhardt Fuchs and Torben Messinger), in Zehavit Gross and Doyle Stevick (eds), As the Witnesses Fall Silent. 21st Century Holocaust Education in Curriculum, Policy and Practice, Switzerland: Springer Publishing, 2015, pp. 245-261.
  • The International Status of Education about the Holocaust. A Global Mapping of Textbooks and Curricula (with Eckhardt Fuchs and Torben Messinger), Paris: Unesco, 2015.
  • Holocaust Memoriography and the Impact of Memory on the Historiography of the Holocaust’, in Bill Niven and Stefan Berger, eds, Writing the History of Memory, London: Bloomsbury, 2014, pp. 199-218.
  • ‘Cultural Memory and Transcultural Memory – a Conceptual Analysis’ (with Kobi Kabalek), in Jessica Rapson and Lucy Bond (eds), The Transcultural Turn. Interrogating Memory Between and Beyond Borders, Berlin: de Gruyter, 2014, pp. 39-60.
  • 'Naming and Misnaming the Nation. Ambivalence and National Belonging in German Textbook Representations of the Holocaust', in P. Carrier, ed., School and Nation. Identity Politics and Educational Media in an Age of Diversity, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Edition, 2013, pp. 114-124.
  • (Ed.) School and Nation. Identity Politics and Educational Media in an Age of Diversity, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Edition, 2013.
  • 'L'ambiguïté du sentiment national à l'école en Allemagne contemporaine face au souvenir de la Shoah', in Benoit Falaize, Charles Heimberg, Olivier Loubes, eds, L'Ecole et la nation, Lyon: ENS Editions, 2013, pp. 63-72.
  • 'L'utilité de la théorie littéraire pour l'analyse du récit d'historien et du récit scolaire de la nation', in Hypotheses.org: open edition, 2 April 2012, aggiornamento.hypotheses.org/805.
  • ‘Fear and Deference in Holocaust Education. The Pitfalls of “Engagement Teaching” According to a Report by the British Historical Association’, Human Affairs 1, 2012, pp. 43-55.
  • ‘Space and Identity. Constructions of National Identities in an Age of Globalisation’ (with Elfie Rembold), National Identities 4, 2011, pp. 361-376.
  • 'Anti-totalitarian Rhetoric in Contemporary German Politics. Its Ambivalent Objects and Consistent Metaphors', Human Affairs 1, 2011, pp. 27-34.
  •  'Remembering the Holocaust during National Socialism in Germany 1933-1945' Shi Lin (Historical Review) (Mandarin) 3, 2011, pp. 33-48.
  • 'Political and Ethical Contexts of Collective Memories of the Second World War' in Withold Bronner and Arja Rosenholm, eds, Recalling the Past – (Re)constructing the Past. Collective and Individual Memory of World War II in Russia and Germany (Helsinki: Kikimora Press, 2008), pp. 245-56.
  •  ‘The Contemporary Discourse of Memory and the Civilising Process’, in Hans-Jürgen Grabbe and Sabine Schindler, eds, The Merits of Memory: Concepts, Contexts, Debates (Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2007), pp. 119-132. 
  •  ‘French and German Memories of the Second World War since 1989’, National Identities 4, 2006, pp. 349-366. 
  • Holocaust Monuments and National Memory Cultures in France and Germany (Oxford & New York: Berghahn, 2005).
  • ‘Offene und verborgene Diskurse über nationale Identität in Deutschland. Das Beispiel Erinnerungskultur’, in Ferenc Lendvai, ed., Verfassungspatriotismus und nationale Identität. Ein deutsch-ungarisch-tschechisch-polnischer Dialog (Miskolc: University of Miskolc Press, 2003), pp. 34-49.
  • ‘Pierre Noras Les Lieux de mémoire als Diagnose und Symptom der zeitgenössischen Erinnerungskult’, in Gerhard Echterhoff and Martin Saar, eds, Kontexte und Kulturen des Erinnerns: Maurice Halbwachs und das Paradigma des kollektiven Gedächtnisses (Konstanz: UVK Verlagsgesellschaft, 2002) pp. 141-162.
  • ‘Fiksiranje sjecanja. Spomenik ubijenim europskim zidovima u berlinu’ (Memorial Fixation. The Monument for the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin, Zivot Umjetnosti 1, 2001, pp. 118-131 (trans. Suzana Jukic, Kroatien).
  • ‘“National Reconciliation”? Mitterrand, Chirac and the Commemorations of Vichy 1992-95’, National Identities 2, 2000, pp. 127-144.
  • ‘Places, Politics and the Archiving of Contemporary Memory in Pierre Nora’s Les Lieux de mémoire’, in Susannah Radstone, ed., Memory and Methodology (Oxford: Berg, 2000) pp. 37-58.
  • ‘Berlin as an Urban Archive. The Institutionalisation of History in Monumental Projects since 1989’, in Christine Bernier, ed., Mémoire et archive (Montreal: Musée d'Art Contemporain, 2000) pp. 35-48.
  • ‘Monumentalizacija Nacije? “Spomenik umorenim Zidom Evrope” v Berlinu, 1988-98’ (National Monuments? The ‘Monument for the Murdered Jews of Europe’ in Berlin, 1988-98), in Borec 575-576, 1999, pp. 6-27 (trans. Lev Kreft, Slovenien).
  • ‘Historical Traces of the Present: the Uses of Commemoration’, in Historical Reflections/Réflexions Historiques 2, 1996, pp. 431-445. 

Reviews, shorter articles 

  • ‘Comment enseigner la guerre en allemagne?’, in Le Monde, 17 October 2013.
  • Rezension: Silke Segler-Messner, Archive der Erinnerung. Literarische Zeugnisse des Überlebens nach der Shoah in Frankreich (Cologne: Böhlau, 2005), and Jens Birkmeyer and Cornelia Blasberg, eds, Erinnern des Holocaust? Eine neue Generation sucht Antworten (Bielefeld: Aisthesis, 2006), in Archiv für Sozialgeschichte (online), 2009.
  • Review: Régis SchlagdenhauffenLa bibliothèque vide et le mémorial de l’Holocauste de Berlin. Lieux de mémoire pour construire l’Histoire (Paris: Harmattan, 2005), in Patterns of Prejudice, 3 2007.
  • ‘The Holocaust in France’, France 1815 to 2003, 2005 (http://www.port.ac.uk/france1815to2003).
  • ‘Soziale Geräusche. Das Kunstprojekt von Judith Siegmund über die Grenze der EU’, ZAG 45, 2003.
  • Review: Gary Bruce, Resistance with the People. Repression and Resistance in Eastern Germany 1945-1955 (Oxford, Rowman & Littlefield, 2003), in German as a Foreign Language 2, 2003, pp. 122-25.
  • ‘The Fiftieth Anniversary Commemorations of the 1953 Uprisings in East Germany’, Contemporary Review 1652, 2003, pp. 143-147.
  • Review: Akademie der Künste (ed.), Denkmale und kulturelles Gedächtnis nach dem Ende der Ost-West-Konfrontation (Berlin, Jovis Verlag, 2000), in European Review of History 1, 2001, pp. 117-120.
  • Review: Michael Löwy, Fatherland or Mother Earth? Essays on the National Question (London & Stirling: Pluto Press, 1998), in Nations and Nationalism 4, 1999, pp. 582-584.
  • Review: Michel Wieviorka (ed.), Une société fragmentée? Le multiculturalisme en débat, (Paris: La Découverte 1996), und Gérard Noiriel, The French Melting Pot. Immigration, Citizenship, and National Identity, (Minneapolis/London: University of Minnesota Press 1996), in Nations and Nationalism 2, 1998, pp. 282-286.
  • ‘Identités nationales’, Vingtième Siècle 60, 1998, pp. 125-127.
  • Review: Winfried Speitkamp (ed.), Denkmalsturz. Zur Konfliktgeschichte politischer Symbolik, (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1997) in Journal of European Studies 109-110, 1998, pp. 202-204.
  • ‘Die Göttin der modernen Religion’, Der Tagesspiegel, 1 July 1998, pp. 25.
  • Conference report: ‘Vom Prozeß zur Geschichte’, in Modern and Contemporary France 3, 1998, pp. 367-369.
  • ‘Impatience on a Monument’, The Spectator, 10. Januar, 1998, pp. 34.
  • ‘Reflections of a German Statesman: An Interview with Egon Bahr’, Contemporary Review, 1579, 1997, pp. 65-69 (in collaboration with Jörg Beige).
  • Review: Jürgen Kocka, Vereinigungskrise, and Etienne François et al, ed., Nation und Emotion (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1995) in German Politics 2, 1997, pp. 202-204.
  • ‘Whose Past?’ The Times Literary Supplement, 23 August 1997, pp. 29.
  • ‘Desirable Dissent’, The Times Literary Supplement, 14 June 1997, pp. 29.
  • Review: Dirk Hoeges, Kontroverse am Abgrund: Ernst Robert Curtius und Karl Mannheim. Intellektuelle und 'freischwebende Intelligenz' in der Weimarer Republik (Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Verlag), in Storia della Storiografia 29, 1996, pp. 147-151l.
  • ‘Identity Crisis’, The Times Literary Supplement, 4 August 1995, pp. 27.
  • Review: Pierre Vidal-Naquet, Le trait empoisonné: réflexions sur l'affaire Jean Moulin (Paris: Editions La Découverte, 1993), in French History 2, 1995, pp. 262-264.
  • ‘Rights for the Citizen’, The Times Literary Supplement, 7 April 1995, pp. 30-31.
  • ‘The Role of Nations’, The Times Literary Supplement, 25 November 1994, pp. 6.
  • ‘Vichy France’, Modern and Contemporary France 3, 1994, pp. 321-324.
  • Review: Esprit, in The Times Literary Supplement, 26 November 1993, pp. 23-24.
  • ‘Troubled Vichy Waters’, The Times Higher Education Supplement, 18 June 1992, pp. 19.
  • ‘Rewriting Vichy after Fifty Years’, Contemporary Review 1522, 1992, pp. 232-235.
  • Review: Stéphane Mosès, L'ange de l'histoire: Rosenzweig, Benjamin, Scholem (Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1992), in Storia della Storiografia 22, 1992, pp. 149-152.
  • ‘Prodigal Son of the Prussian Psyche’, The Times Higher Education Supplement, 15 November 1991, pp. 17.
  • Review: Peter Schneider, Deutsche Ängste  (Darmstadt: Luchterhand, 1988), in The Modern Language Review 85, 1991, pp. 1039-1041.
  • ‘After the Wall, the Rubble’, New Statesman and Society 78, 1989, pp. 37-38.