Georg Arnhold Senior Fellow

Markus Schultze-Kraft

From January to June 2020, Dr Markus Schultze-Kraft will conduct his research at GEI as Georg Arnhold Senior Fellow.

Dr Markus Schultze-Kraft is an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Studies at Universidad Icesi in Cali (Colombia). His research and teaching focuses on violent conflict prevention and resolution, peacemaking and peacebuilding, security system reform (SSR), organised crime, crimilegality, governance, international drug policy and inclusive development in Latin America, West Africa and the Western Balkans. He holds an MA (Diplom) in political science from the Free University Berlin and earned his M.Phil. in Latin American Studies and D.Phil. in Politics at the University of Oxford (St Antony’s College).

Prior to joining Icesi, Dr Schultze-Kraft headed the Governance Research Team at the Institute of Development Studies (University of Sussex) and, based in Bogotá (Colombia), was responsible for building up and developing the International Crisis Group’s Latin America and Caribbean programme. He is the author of two monographs on civil-military relations in post-conflict Central America and crimilegal orders and governance in Colombia and Nigeria, two edited works and 75 scholarly articles, book chapters and evidence and policy reports addressing a broad range of peace and conflict issues.

Beyond his academic and policy work, Dr Schultze-Kraft has engaged in numerous programme evaluations and consultancy assignments with the World Bank, the European Commission, Germany’s Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), the German Civilian Peace Service (ZFD), the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC) and the European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), among others.

Education for Sustainable Peace and Crimilegality in Colombia

The project that Dr Schultze-Kraft is conducting during his stay at the GEI is centred on the relationship between sustainable peace and crimilegality in developing and transition countries, with a focus on Colombia. Crimilegality provides a novel perspective on the relationship between what is conventionally termed organised crime and political order in contemporary developing and transition countries. In hybrid crimilegal orders the moral, normative and social boundaries between legality and illegality-criminality are blurred. Through the persistent violation of the official law, the illegal-criminal sphere of social life becomes legitimate and morally acceptable, while the legal turns illegitimate and immoral. This has significant implications for armed conflict resolution, peacebuilding and sustaining peace in countries such as Colombia.

Through three inter-related work strands the project aims to generate knowledge that is both of high practical relevance for education for sustainable peace in countries emerging from violent conflict and helpful for strengthening the conceptual foundations of our understanding of the notion of ‘sustaining peace’:

  • Designing a course syllabus on sustainable peace and crimilegality that can be taught at advanced undergraduate and graduate level at Universidad Icesi and other higher education institutions in Colombia. The teaching and learning methodology of the course will be based on the latest advances in active learning research and practice. Output: 1 course syllabus;
  • Completing the research on the question of why nurturing sustainable peace in hybrid crimilegal orders, such as Colombia, ought to include devising incentives for social groups, including former conflict parties, to promote extrication from crimilegality and build and/or strengthen institutions that are capable of sustaining movement toward the legality end of the crimilegality-crimilegitimacy spectrum. Output: 1 research paper to be published in 2020 in a respected international academic journal;
  • Writing a concise policy briefing for publication with an influential digital media outfit and organising a student-focused dissemination event of the work on education for sustainable peace and crimilegality in the framework of the Education for Peace Chair at Universidad Icesi. Outputs: 1 online policy briefing and 1 student-focused dissemination event in the framework of the Education for Peace Chair at Universidad Icesi.